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|Digdem Muge Siyez|
|Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey|
|Keynote: J Psychiatry|
|Statement of the Problem: Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical
pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility is more pervasive in developing
countries than developed countries. It is observed that studies on the level of knowledge about infertility in Turkey are very
limited and these studies were carried out in small samples. The aim of this research was to examine the knowledge levels of
university students on infertility.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Participants were 9693 Bachelor’s students (51.6% female, 48.4% male) from
21 universities in Turkey. The data was collected via Infertility Knowledge Test which is developed by the researchers. The
responses to the Infertility Knowledge Test, which consists of 33 items, are marked as "true", "false" and "do not know".
Findings: An important finding obtained from this study was 68.4% of the respondents knew that women’s fertility potential
decreased after age 40 compared to 20 years old, while 10% of the participants knew that sperm quality in men deteriorated
with age and 23.6% of the participants knew that age was a determining factor in male infertility. The majority of participants
knew that smoking, drugs and exposure to heavy chemicals could cause infertility. More than half of the participants didn’t
know that timing of sexual intercourse and being extremely weak could cause infertility.
Conclusion & Significance: It can be said that the participants' knowledge level about infertility was low and participants were
not aware of some of the preventable risk factors related to infertility. For this reason, it is recommended that awareness raising
activities should be undertaken.
This study was supported by TUBİTAK 215K001 project named “Examining University Students’ Infertility Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Infertility and Developing and Evaluating Infertility Prevention Psycho-Education Program and Online Education Program”. We thank TÜBİTAK for the support.
Digdem Muge Siyez is a Professor in the Department of Counseling and Guidance at the Dokuz Eylul University in Turkey. She received her PhD in Counseling and Guidance at the Dokuz Eylul University. Her current research interests include Sexual Health, Gender, Adolescence Development and Prevention.
Email: [email protected]
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