alexa Investigation Of The Pubic Symphyseal Landscape: Age At Death Estimation For Skeletal Remains Using 3D Topographical Data And Geographical Information Systems
ISSN: 2157-7145

Journal of Forensic Research
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..

3rd International Conference on Forensic Research and Technology
October 06-08, 2014 Hilton San Antonio Airport, USA

Jessica I Bolton, Sophie Beckett, Roland Wessling and Jelena Bekvalac
Accepted Abstracts: J Forensic Res
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7145.S1.015
Current methods for age-at-death determination from the pubic symphysis utilise surface descriptions and standardised archetype pictures and casts to allocate an age category. Such methods have been shown to have a good level of accuracy and ease of use but are, inevitably, subjective methods of assessment of the surface. The increasing availability and awareness of 3D data in the analysis of human remains, is driving research into the development of quantitative methods of age-atdeath estimation that utilise 3D data. The results presented demonstrate the ability to quantify 3D topographical scan data of the pubic symphysis using Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The pelves of 54 males of known age-at-death and sex (St Bride?s Church Crypt Assemblage, London, UK) were scanned using a hand-held laser topography scanner and the scans were explored as ?geographical landscapes? within ArcGIS (ESRI software). The relationship between age-at-death and the parameters; mean slope and mean aspect were investigated. In general, values of mean slope and mean aspect, across the pubic symphysis surface, decreased with increasing age-at-death. These correlations were shown to be significant for the study sample (p<0.01) and reflect the known changes that occur in the pubic symphysis surface with age. This study represents a preliminary investigation and a springboard for further research; however the potential of this approach is clearly demonstrated for topographical data. The approach can also be applied using computed tomography (CT) data, which is the current area of expansion considering the increasing use of CT in forensics.
Jessica I Bolton completed her MSc in Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology in 2013 at Cranfield University, UK. This study comes from her MSc thesis (Bolton, J. I., 2013) which is currently being submitted for publication. She currently works for Cranfield Forensic Institute performing 3D analysis in computed tomography and 3D laser scanning on human skeletal remains. Her research in Geographical Information Systems, age estimation and 3D techniques continues as she anticipates her PhD in this area.
image PDF   |   image HTML
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version