alexa Is Mouth Better Than Nose Approach For Brain Protection In OHCA? | 64317
ISSN: 2378-5756

Journal of Psychiatry
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

16th World Congress on Psychiatry and Psychological Syndromes

Guy Hugues Fontaine
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France
Keynote: J Psychiatry
DOI: 10.4172/2378-5756-C1-016
Abstract
Background & Aim: A new technique of localized brain hypothermia to produce cooling by adiabatic gas expansion. Two approaches can be considered; fossa nasalis up to the nasopharynx and mouth up to the oropharynx. The purpose of this work is to compare the possible respective benefits, risks and limitations of these two methods. Method: 22 cadavers mean age 77±11.4 SD (56-96) were studied at the School of Surgery in Paris. One case was not valid because of major clots in both fossa nasalis. Slightly curved brass tubes (4 mm Ø) were inserted perpendicular to the head axis in the two nostrils up to block. Depth of penetration in cm was measured on both sides of the nasal septum. Data were processed by Statistica v6.0. A p value≤0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Depth of penetration was 10.8±1.47 (7-13) for the right nostril and mean 10.7±1.46 SD for the left nostril, this difference is not significant p=0.7. However, the difference in depth was 0.1±1.28 (-3.5-3.5). A difference ≥0.5 cm was observed in 6 cases (27%). Conclusion: Mouth approach looks less aggressive than nasal approach for cooling the posterior part of the head and more specifically the brain for the treatment of out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). It could be performed by non-CPR trained bystanders with minimal training and therefore started before the intervention of EMS. Discussion: Nose: fossa nasalis is closer to the brain; however, distortion of the nasal septum may reduce penetration in 27% of patients. This may explain that cases of epistaxis have been reported. In addition, if the angle of introduction is not perpendicular to the head axis as it should be but follows the direction of the nose a blockage occurs before entering the target area. This could reduce the effectiveness of cooling and subsequently the success of the method. Mouth: is easy to access, no block up to the oropharynx, can be used by a lay person with no training with no risk of injury. In addition mouth and tongue offer a large surface exchange area which can be important for general cooling (in addition to localized cooling) for the protection of the heart and other noble organs as the liver, kidney and the lungs. However, oropharynx is more distant from the brain than nasal cooling. Therefore cold produced will take longer to reach the brain area. This limitation can be counterbalanced by faster administration of cooling before EMS arrival in the field.
Biography

Guy Hugues Fontaine has made 17 original contributions in the design and the use of the first cardiac pacemakers in the early 60s. He has serendipitously identified ARVD during his contributions to antiarrhythmic surgery in the early 70s. He has developed the technique of Fulguration to replace surgery in the early 80s. He has 900+ publications including 201 book chapters. He has been the Reviewer of 26 scientific journals both in basic and clinical science. He has served for 5 years as a Member of the Editorial Board of Circulation.

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7