alexa Is There Any Association Between Spirituality, Depression And Socio-economic Status Among Caregivers Of Patients With Alzheimers Disease?
ISSN: 2161-0487

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
Open Access

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17th World Summit on Positive Psychology, Psychotherapy & Cognitive Behavioral Sciences
May 01-03, 2017 Toronto, Canada

Roya Samadi, Naghmeh Mokhber, Farhad Faridhosseini, Mehri B Haghighi and Shervin Assari
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran
University of Michigan, USA
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Psychol Psychother
DOI: 10.4172/2161-0487-C1-012
Abstract
Statement of the Problem: Patients with Alzheimer’s disease may require persistent care. This may have a large impact on the caregivers’ quality of life and predisposes them to psychological distress. Spirituality, however, may act as a buffer and enhance their adaptability with stressful conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the associations between socio-economic status, spirituality and symptoms of depression in a sample of caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: In this cross-sectional study, 209 outpatients with moderate Alzheimer’s disease (using DSM-IV criteria and MMSE test) and their caregivers were selected. Patients’ and caregivers’ demographic and socioeconomic data were recorded. The Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale were completed by caregivers. Findings: The prevalence of high depressive symptoms was 45%. Economic status of caregivers had relationship with spirituality, as the poor group had more spirituality than the non-poor. There was no association between gender and spirituality dimensions. High spirituality was correlated with low depressive symptoms. Conclusion & Significance: Symptoms of depression are highly prevalent in Alzheimer caregivers and are associated with spirituality. Spirituality itself may be a function of socio-economic status. Spirituality based interventions, particularly among those with higher socio-economic status maybe a useful strategy to promote mental health and quality of life of caregivers. More descriptive and interventional studies are required before adding the spiritual counseling to routine helping programs for caregivers.
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