alexa Isolation, Culture And Identification Of Lactobacillus Species From The Gut Of Sphyraena Sphyraena, Chrysisthys Nigrodigitatus And Clarias Gariepinus For Use As Probiotics In Fish Feeds | 5530
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

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Isolation, culture and identification of lactobacillus species from the gut of Sphyraena sphyraena, Chrysisthys nigrodigitatus and Clarias gariepinus for use as probiotics in fish feeds

International Conference and Exhibition on Probiotics - 2012

C. I. Ayo-Olalusi, A.Adeiga, Bernard Edah and G.B Akintunde

Accepted Abstracts: J Food Process Technol

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7110.S1.009

Abstract
Disease outbreak is increasingly recognized as a significant constraint to aquaculture production and trade. Bacterial infections are part of the causes of mortality in fish. Use of antibiotics resulted in resistant strain of bacteria in fish. The use of lactobacillus as probiotics is now being investigated as alternative. Studies were carried out to isolate and identify probiotics from the guts of Sphyraena Sphyraena (Marine water), Chrysisthys nigrodigitatus (brackish water) and Clarias gariepinus (freshwater). Guts removed from dissected fishes were divided into 3 regions: foregut, midgut and hindgut. These samples were mixed homogeneously in sterilized phosphate buffer saline (PBS) separately and allowed to pour in MRS broth and agar medium. Lactobacillus was isolated from fish guts using MRS agar and broth. There was subsequent culture and subculture of lactobacillus to obtain discrete colonies. Single colony of lactobacillus was isolated using colony morphology and some biochemical tests. The identity of the culture was determined by using Bergey?s manual of Determinative bacteriology, (API- 50 CHL, BioM?rieux). Bacteria isolated from the foregut, midgut and hindgut were identified as Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum from Sphyraena Sphyraena (Marine water), Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus pentosus from Chrysisthys nigrodigitatus (brackish water) and Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus pentosus and Lactococcus lactis ssp lactis 1 from Clarias gariepinus (freshwater). Population level of bacteria was higher in the midgut and hindgut region than observed in the foregut region. Microscopically they were Gram-positive, rod shaped, non- motile, catalase negative and absence of Endospore. The isolates would be evaluated for fish feed supplement as probiotics.
Biography
Caroline Ayo-Olalusi is a research scientist at the Department of fish technology, Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research Lagos, Nigeria. She is a fish Nutritionist specializes in fish feed production from locally available fish feed ingredients. She has published extensively in reputable journals. She is currently a PhD student at the University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Nigeria. She has recently won a research grants from Agricultural research council of Nigeria on the ?Potential benefits of probiotics on the immune response and growth of some culturable fish species? where she is the Principal Investigator. She has attended many conferences and workshops.
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