alexa Large Deformation Of Double Cantilever Beam Fracture Mechanics Specimen With Surface Effects Based On Strain Gradient Theory
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
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3rd International Conference on Smart Materials & Structures
March 20-22, 2017 Orlando, USA

R P Joseph and B L Wang
Western Sydney University, Australia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022.C1.062
Abstract
Double cantilever beam fracture mechanics specimen is one of the most widely used test configurations to determine the mode I fracture toughness of homogenous, composite laminates and adhesively bonded materials. At micro and nano scale, according to the nonlocal theory of elasticity, the strain gradient and surface effects become prominent and must be considered. The 1D linear elastic constitutive equation can be written as σ=E (ε-l2∇2ε), where σ is the axial stress, ε is the axial strain, E is the Young’s modulus, l is the material characteristic length. The objective of this research is to numerically investigate the size dependent-fracture behavior of DCB subjected to large deformation with simultaneous consideration of its root part. The governing equation of the large deformation Euler beam with surface and strain gradients effects is obtained as EIeff[d2φ/ds2–l2d4φ/ds4]=-Fcosφ+Hφ-Hφ(a), where F is the applied vertical concentrated force, effective bending rigidity is EIeff=Ebh3/12+Esh3/6+Esbh2/2, φ is the rotation angle of beam, H=2τob, b and h are width and height of the beam respectively. For illustration the material properties are taken to be E=1.44 GPa, Gs (effective shear modulus)=521.7 MPa, υ(poison ratio)=0.38, and l=17.6 μm. The value of surface elastic modulus (Es) and surface stress (τo) are assumed to be zero and 0.2 μN/μm respectively. The static rotation of a cantilever beam, normalized by the classical result at the free end of the beam i.e., Fa2/(2EI) is presented in Fig. 1b. It may be seen that strain gradient beam with positive surface residual effect exhibit less stiff behavior in comparison with that of negative surface residual effects. Next, the strain energy release rate of double cantilever beam is plotted using G(g,l)=F (dYmax/bda), normalized with the classical result Go=12F2a2/(Eh3b2). Here Gg and Gl are the strain energy release rate of large deformation model with and without strain gradient effects respectively. As expected, the positive residual stress enhances the strain energy release rate Fig. 1c. The ratio (R) of the strain energy release rate contributed by the uncracked part to the cracked part of DCB is plotted for various a/h and h/l ratios in Fig.1d, it may fairly be concluded that R may not be neglected for smaller DCB even when the beam length to thickness ratio is higher. The influence of cumulative influence of strain gradients and surface effects on the large deformation of the cantilever beam is successfully studied to investigate the fracture of DCB. Beams with strain gradients and positive residual surface effects tend to exhibit less stiff behaviors. The root part of the DCB must not be ignored when the size of the beam is smaller than that of its material characteristic length.
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