alexa LONG-TERM EFFECT OF UNEMPLOYMENT RATE AND INVESTMENT IN POLICING ON VIOLENT CRIME INCIDENCE IN TAIWAN
ISSN: 2167-1079

Primary Healthcare: Open Access
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2nd World Congress on Health Economics Policy & Outcomes Research
June 29-30, 2017|Madrid, Spain

Hsien-Wen Kuo
Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, USA
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Prim Health Care
DOI: 10.4172/2167-1079-C1-009
Abstract
Taiwan had been assessed as one of the safest region in the world; however, violent crimes in society still disturb feeling of safety and quality of life among citizens. To investigate the effects of unemployment rate and investment in policing on the incidence of violent crime with dataset of 20 counties in Taiwan from 1998 to 2014. Dataset of 20 counties in Taiwan from 1998 to 2014 were registered from Taiwan’s Statistical Information Network. Unemployment rate was defined by the percentage of the total labor force that is unemployed but actively seeking employment and willing to work and measured investment in policing by the budget in policing per capita. Violent crime rate (VCR) was defined by the cases of violent crime per 100,000 population. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) and R statistical software, version 3.3.0 were used to analyze on data of repeated measurements. Average 83% of VCR significantly declined from 1998 to 2014 in Taiwan's, but the unemployment rate and the national investment on police administration incrementally fluctuated. Using GEE analysis, VCR positively correlated with the unemployment rate, which increased violent crime rate with 3.03 events/100,000 significantly per increase by unemployment rate. Moreover, the investment on policing negatively correlated with VCR, which increased one unit of investment on policing with significantly reduced 1.81 events/100,000 of VCR. Synergistic effects of region were found with unemployment rate and investment in policing on VCR. VCR in urban area are significantly higher than those in rural areas. Similarly, on average increase per budget investment in policing with reduction of VCR in urban area are significantly higher than those of in rural areas. It is needed to setup the early warning system to proactive the unemployment rate and adjust the budget investment in policing to effectively reduce VCR, especially focusing on urban area.
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