alexa Management Of Acute Dental Trauma In Children: A Literature Review
ISSN: 2161-1122

Dentistry
Open Access

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23rd Global Dentists and Pediatric Dentistry Annual Meeting
July 17-18, 2017 Munich, Germany

Minou Najarnobari
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Dentistry
DOI: 10.4172/2161-1122-C1-021
Abstract
Dentofacial and dental trauma causes frequent problems, especially for children. Injury to children’s teeth can be very distressing for children as well as for their parents. This article is based on a review of the current dental literature related to dental trauma. An electronic search was conducted using the following terms; teeth, trauma, first aid and permanent teeth. By 14 years of age, 30% of children have experienced a dental injury. Studies report that school-aged boys suffer dental trauma in the permanent dentition, almost twice as frequency as girls. Sport accidents, fights and falls are the most common cause of dental trauma. The initial evaluation of a patient with dental trauma should include a full physical examination of head, neck and face. An adequate history is essential to the examination and should include answer to the questions like: How did the injury occur? This is important because it provides information on the severity of the injury. When did the injury occur? In relation to a tooth avulsion, the extra oral time and storage condition are very to make decision for later treatment because it may determine whether or not tetanus prophylaxis is needed. Was there a period of unconsciousness? Amnesia and vomiting are all signs of brain damage. When the dentist faces an emergency, it is very important to give emotional support to the patient as well as to the parents.
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