alexa Matrix Resistance Stress Reduction-optimization Of Immobilized Cell Growth | 68832
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science and Chemistry

Ivana D Pajic-Lijakovic, Milan Milivojevic and Steva Levic
University of Belgrade, Serbia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022-C1-074
Abstract
Some of the main rheological properties that Ca-alginate hydrogel matrix should satisfy for biomedical and biotechnological applications are the matrix viscoelasticity and the ability of stress relaxation. Although alginate satisfies both of them, experimental data points that cell growth is significantly reduced by micro-environmental effects. Micro-environmental restriction effects are connected to matrix resistance stress accumulation. Matrix stress is generated within the boundary layers around the cell aggregates under compression caused by cell rearrangement and growth. Simultaneously induced relaxation phenomena of both subsystems: (1) immobilized cells and (2) hydrogel matrix occur at three time scales through successive relaxation cycles. Complex dynamics of matrix compression intensifies mechanical and electrostatic cell-matrix interactions. Minimizing of the resistance stress is the strategy for improving the matrix performances. Electrostatic repulsive interactions between negatively charged cell membranes and surrounding alginate chain parts as well as inter- and intra-chain interactions under compression significantly reduced cell growth dynamics even in the initial phase. Minimizing of the resistance stress is prerequisite for whole process optimization. We considered and compared physical and chemical modified Ca-alginate hydrogel. Physical modification is connected to entrapped gas bubbles within Ca-alginate hydrogel. The bubbles mechanically amortize the compression effects within the surrounding cell aggregates. Chemical modifications are connected to minimizing repulsive interactions between negatively charged alginate chains above the isoelectric point by blending Ca-alginate with poly-cationic polymers such as chitosan and gelatin. Cell action could be simulated in the experiments without cells during repeated stress relaxation cycles. Maximal resistance stress could be reduced four times for Caalginate- chitosan composite and 9 times for Ca-alginate-gelatin composite relative to Ca-alginate gel after 10 stress relaxation cycles under constant strain per cycle equal to 5%.
Biography

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]icsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7