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|University of the West of Scotland, UK|
|ScientificTracks Abstracts: Adv Practice Nurs|
|Chronic disease is a global health challenge and leading cause of premature death (World Health Organization, 2016). Modifiable risk factors such as cigarette smoking, high alcohol intake, poor diet and low levels of physical activity contribute to the main chronic diseases (Kontis et al., 2014). Interventions which can influence lifestyle risk factors are beneficial. Motivational Interviewing is known to help support people to change their behavior based on intrinsic motivation (Miller and Rollick, 2013). However, there is limited evidence to support the use of motivational interviewing in chronic kidney disease populations. This study utilizes a novel approach, the Self-Administered Motivational Interviewing tool developed by Duffy (2005). The self-administered tool allows individuals to identify their own problems and explore solutions. It has advantages over face to face motivational interviewing such as consistency. It also requires no training of staff in order to administer. The mixed methods study consisted of a randomized controlled trial of 54 adults receiving hemodialysis treatment for chronic kidney disease. Data was collected at baseline. This was followed up one month, three months and six months later. A total of 33 participants completed the study. Individual interviews were conducted with participants in the experimental group who received the Self-Administered Motivational Interviewing tool (n=17). Outcome measures included modifiable risk factors, Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12v2 questionnaire, general self-efficacy measurement and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. The Self-Administered Motivational Interviewing tool was found to be acceptable to study participants. Six people reported a change in behavior. The behavior change identified in the study included three people reporting an increase in physical activity levels.|
Amanda Carson is a lecturer in adult nursing and PhD candidate (part time) at the University of the West of Scotland. Prior to this Amanda worked as a senior sister in a dialysis unit.
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