alexa Nano Spear Grass? Cellulose, Egg Shell, Chalk And Potassium Acetate; A Comparative Assessment Of Gelling Capacities In The Production Of Bio Gel Fuel For Clean Energy Environment
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science & Engineering
October 06-08, 2014 Hilton San Antonio Airport, USA

Eneji I S, Ofoegbu O and Sha ato R
Accepted Abstracts: Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022.S1.017
Abstract
Locally available spear grass specie was harvested and processed into a nano cellulose form using a locally modified attrition method. The nano cellulose obtained was employed as a gelling agent in the production of bio gel fuel. Other bio gel fuel samples were also produced using acetate materials from egg shells, school chalk and Potassium salt (obtained from a chemical vendor). The XRD peak at gives an indication of the nano size of the cellulose material obtained from the spear grass while the FTIR and UV-VIS spectra results presented the presence of relevant OH and COOH functional groups. A comparison of the gelling capacities of the four gelling agents (at 60% concentration) vis-?-vis amount, viscousity and colour; gave a 10% (w/w) gelling potential for the nano cellulose, 23% (w/w) for egg shell acetate 28% (w/w) for school chalk and 26% (w/w) for potassium acetate. Heat of combustion based on material burnt [BTU/ib] for the nano cellulose sample gave a higher value of 13800 with the egg shell given 13400, school chalk gave 13300 and the potassium sample gave 13400 as well. The viscousities in centipoises at two important temperatures of 27?C and 90?C, are nano cellulose (25000 & 19500), egg shell (23500 &18900), school chalk (23500 &18900) and potassium acetate (24000 & 19000). The result obtained encourages the use of nano cellulose in the production of environmentally friendly bio gel fuels despite the initial rigorous processing of the raw material into the nano cellulose form.
Biography
Eneji I S is a senior lecturer and the current head of the department of Chemistry, university of Agriculture Makurdi Nigeria. He has over seventeen (17) years experience working as a lecturer and research Chemist. He is a PhD holder in Environmental Chemistry. He is a chartered chemist and belongs to reputable professional bodies like the Chemical Society of Nigeria. He is 47 years and has over 40 international and national conference paper presentations with more than 27 peer reviewed journal publications and has authored a textbook on water quality analysis. To date he has supervised 43 post graduate students both at the Masters and Doctoral levels. He has three scholarly awards and three honors and distinctions. His most recent contribution to the academic world is the 2012 IUPAC adopted method of analysis protocol, developed by him.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]online.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords