alexa New Burkholderia Sp. Isolated From Pioneer Plants Roots Of Ultramafic Soils, Play A Key Role In The Plant Adaptation To Harsh Edaphic Conditions | 70811
ISSN: 2471-9315

Applied Microbiology: Open Access
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12th International Congress on Microbial Interaction and Applications of Beneficial Microbes

Bourles A, Guentas L, Gensous S, Cavaloc Y, Jourand P and Amir H
University of New Caledonia, New Caledonia
ScientificTracks Abstracts: Appli Micro Open Access
DOI: 10.4172/2471-9315-C1-005
Abstract
New Caledonia is a tropical archipelago located in the south Pacific and covered with ultramafic soils for one third. These soils are characterized by a lack of major plant nutrients (N, P and K), a strong unbalanced ratio of Ca/Mg and high levels of heavy metals (Co, Cr, Fe, Mn and Ni). Such geochemical constraints lead to the development of specific biological endemic ecosystems ranking New Caledonia among the world biodiversity hotspots. These ultramafic massifs are exploited as nickel’s ores sources which impact strongly the ecosystems that must be restored after mining activities. In this work, we present data about two new Burkholderia species isolated from roots of Costularia (Cyperacae), a tropical herbaceous pioneer plants growing on ultramafic soils and actively used in post mining ecological restoration strategies. Results indicated noteworthy bacterial specific ecological traits such as the tolerance to heavy metals. For example, the tolerance of these Burkholderia reached concentrations of nickel from 5 to 25 mM, metal tolerance supported by presence of specific markers such as nreB and Cnr genes. Moreover, these bacteria showed the ability to produce plant growth promoting molecules such as 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACC), indol-3-acetic acid (IAA), NH3 and siderophores. These two Burkholderia species were named B. ultramafica (STM10279T) and B. novacaledonica (STM10272T). Physiological nickel tolerance mechanisms and interactions with the plant were investigated such as (1) the capacity to produce exo-polysaccharides in planktonic mode, and (2) the ability to produce a biofilm in contact with plant root. B. ultramafica showed a production of a polysaccharide constituted of neutral (75%) and acid sugars (25%). Moreover B. ultramafica inoculated to Costularia comosa (Cyperaceae) grown on ultramafic substrate (Ni=78 mg.kg-1) enhanced the shoot biomass compared to the noninoculated plants (more than 40%). The two Burkholderia showed the ability to form biofilm (Fig. 1). The bacterial capacity to tolerate the nickel and to produce of both biofilm and polysaccharides suggest a key role of these bacteria in plant growth and adaptation to the ultramafic constraints with a view to using these strains as inoculum for ecological restoration of degraded mining sites program.
Biography

Bourles A is a PhD student at the ISEA (Institute of Exact and Applied Sciences), University of New Caledonia, New Caledonia.

Email: [email protected]

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