alexa Next Generation Breeding Tools For Development Of Stress Tolerant Crops | 15650
ISSN: 2168-9881

Agrotechnology
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2nd International Conference on Agricultural & Horticultural Sciences

Daspute Abhijit Arun, B. Fakrudin, and B. M. Mahale
Posters: Agrotechnol
DOI: 10.4172/2168-9881.S1.008
Abstract
Improvement in plant adaptation to various stresses is essential to ensure food security for the increasing world population. Traditional breeding methods are not to be wrathful in stress tolerant in field condition. While the next generation crop breeding technology; Genomic selection, Transcriptome mapping (ESTs, SAGE, MPSS, Microarray), Genomics (whole genome sequencing, Next Generation Sequencing and Genotyping-by-Sequencing) and Allele mining approaches will be useful for identification of gene/s, transcription factors (TF), microRNA (miRNA) and Quantitative Trait Loci (QTLs) responsible for stress tolerance. Once these are identified, the next approach is to transfer them into elite cultivars. The transgenic approach is feasible to engineer traits that are controlled by one or a few major genes and QTLs not easily amenable through transformation. For this purpose, we can use high throughput technology; marker assisted selection (MAS), marker assisted back crossing (MABC) and gene pyramiding to elucidate thousands of genes or even entire genomes. Next generation plant breeders need to utilize this next generation technologies and techniques to develop stress tolerant crops. Abbreviations: Marker Assisted Selection-MAS, Marker Assisted Back Crossing-MABC, Expressed Sequence Tags-ESTs, Serial Analysis of Gene Expression-SAGE, Quantitative Trait Loci-QTLs, Massively Parallel Signature Sequencing-MPSS, Whole Genome Sequencing-WGS, Next Generation Sequencing-NGS, Genotyping-by-Sequencing-GBS.
Biography

Daspute Abhijit Arun, M.Sc. (Agri) in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, IABT, UAS, Dharwad. He worked on Identification of molecular markers associated with sterility mosaic disease of pigeonpea. He participated in National Conference on Plant Biology and Biotechnology, organized by Department of Botany, Yashvantrao Mahavidyalaya, Nanded, Maharashtra in 2008. He communicated research article manuscript on Inheritance of sterility mosaic virus resistance in pigeonpea [cajanus cajan (l.) millsp.] to The Plant Pathology journa

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