alexa NMR-Approaches In Studying Dynamic Molecules In Porous Materials
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
Open Access

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3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science & Engineering
October 06-08, 2014 Hilton San Antonio Airport, USA

Victor Rodin
Accepted Abstracts: Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022.S1.017
Abstract
Molecular translational dynamics in porous materials at different stages of its production or usage is one of the most basic, and also most fascinating physical phenomena. It plays a large role in applications related to long action preparations and production of different materials with given properties. Contemporary possibilities of the methods of NMR- relaxation, NMR diffusometry (pulse field gradient NMR) and methods of double-quantum-filter (DQF) NMR in a study of diffusion properties and molecular dynamics in the systems with the anisotropic properties are considered. In many cases the most focus of research is on understanding diffusion and its relation to structure and functionality in complex nanostructured materials. The work shows how the study results in information about molecular dimensions, character of limitation and the structure of the surrounding matrix. DQF NMR is applied for investigating the systems, in which there is an order (on the macro- or the micro-levels), in particular for fibres and porous systems or the systems with anisotropic motion of molecules. The results obtained reveal also the special feature of the approaches of one-dimensional and two-dimensional NMR and show examples of the work of these methods in addition to the traditional methods of single- quantum NMR-spectroscopy. The work presents the data of two-dimensional correlation NMR-spectroscopy (DD COSY) as the distributions of diffusion coefficients in two orthogonal directions on the systems with anisotropic mobility. Simulations of two-dimensional NMR-experiments have been done showing how it leads to the explanation of experimental data on the anisotropy of diffusion coefficients. These NMRmethods reveal the correlation of the diffusion motion of molecules along either collinear or orthogonal directions of applied pulse gradients of magnetic field. The results on some materials with anisotropic structure demonstrated how these methods reveal microscopic local anisotropy in the presence of global isotropy. NMR-techniques in combination with simulations give new useful links between the nanotechnology applications and chemical engineering by clarifying the relationships between structure and translational dynamics in complex materials.
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