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Noninvasive Molecular Diagnosis Of Human Visceral Leishmaniasis | 3644

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis
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Noninvasive molecular diagnosis of human visceral leishmaniasis

2nd World Congress on Biomarkers & Clinical Research

Manisha Vaish, Jaya Chakravarty and Syam Sundar

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Mol Biomark Diagn

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9929.S1.2

Visceral leishmaniasis is a vector borne disease which aff ects 0.5 million people around the world per annum. Its accurate diagnosis and defi nitive cure still requires attention. Th e gold standard procedure of diagnosis of symptomatic VL is parasite demonstration in spleen biopsy, which carries risk of intra abdominal hemorrhage. Bone marrow aspirates is oft en done but due to its low sensitivity and highly painful procedure fails to make it better choice for diagnosis. Th e detection of Leishmania DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in splenic, bone marrow or blood samples is an important advance in molecular diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL). We for the fi rst time introduce use of noninvasively obtained buccal swab samples in molecular diagnosis of VL. In this study we performed PCR from buccal swabs; multicopy rRNA (Small Subunit Unit, SSU) gene was used as the target region for amplifi cation of L. donovani. Th e PCR assay was optimized and sensitivity was determined in 307 subjects including 148 parasitological confi rmed VL patients, 39 healthy controls from non endemic region, 92 endemic healthy controls and 28 subjects of diff erent diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis etc. Th e results were encouraging, buccal swab samples were positive in 123 out of 148 patients (sensitivity 83.11%, 95% CI, 76.25-88.29). Th e developed assay was 100% specifi c as none of the non endemic healthy control samples amplifi ed. Th e specifi city in healthy controls of endemic region was 86% (95% CI, 77.31-91.55) and in diff erent disease group it was 92.85%. Molecular diagnosis using buccal cells provide new tool for absolutely specifi c, highly sensitive and easy diagnosis for all type of symptomatic VL cases. Th is assay can also open new prospects for epidemiological studies in endemic population.
Manisha Vaish has completed her PhD in Biotechnology from one of most prestigious institution of India, Banaras Hindu University in year 2011 at age of 27. She has four publications in international journals during her PhD. She has already developed the idea of working as a researcher in early youth. She maintained excellent academic records throughout with Biology being my favorite subject. It then became a signifi cant point of turn, when she opted to participate in examination for admission in biotechnology. She made it in fi rst attempt and was placed in one of top rated places, Allahabad Agricultural Institute Deemed University, India. Meanwhile she got a national fellowship (GATE) to carry on research in India.
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