Outbreak Investigation Of Scabies, Dembiya District, North Gondar Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia | 99613
Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Background: Scabies affects people from all countries. In developing countries, children, in particular, are most susceptible,
with an average prevalence of 5???10%. It is very common in Ethiopia, especially during natural or manmade disasters, such as
flooding, drought, civil war and conflict, poor water supply and sanitation and overcrowded living condition.
Methods and materials: We conducted 1:2 unmatched case-control study from August 28-November 2, 2017 in Dembiya
District, North Gondar Zone, Amhara Region. 40 Cases and 80 controls were randomly selected from the community. Data
were collected using a structured questionnaire. An analysis was made using Epi Info and SPSS software. Odds Ratio, 95% CI
and P-value were used to measure the significance of association in the bivariate and multivariate analysis. Variables with the
p-value of equal to or less than 0.05 were reported to be significantly associated with the dependent variable.
Results: We identified 141 Scabies cases with the overall attack rate of 2% and Zero case fatality rate. Of reported cases 55%
of them were male and the median age of the affected population was 16yrs (IQR= 19yrs). Sex (AOR: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.1-0.7),
Handwashing with soap (AOR: 0.6, 95% CI: 0.1--0.6), Body bath more than a week (AOR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.2-4.1), Cloth
exchange with infected person (AOR: 3.1, 95% CI: 2.0-4.0), contact history (AOR: 17.0, 95% CI: 13.4-20.0) and water shortage
(AOR: 3.3, 95% CI: 2.4-4.5) were significantly associated with scabies.
Conclusion: We found poor hygienic practices, sharing of clothing materials, sleeping with people that had contracted scabies
was associated with higher frequency of scabies disease. Therefore, increasing awareness creation about the transmission,
prevention and control methods of scabies disease is recommended.
Girma Birhanu Nurie holds a Master of Public Health in Epidemiology from Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia. He did his BSc in Environmental Health at University of Gondar, and Diploma in Environmental Health at Jimma University, all in Ethiopia. Currently, he is working as Field Epidemiologist and Researcher at Addis Ababa Regional Health Bureau, Department of Public Health Emergency Management. His passion is taking preventive medicine closer to the rural populations in Ethiopia. He is a former basketball player. He enjoys community work and volunteering.