This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Objective: Persistence of primitive reflexes can disturb natural development and involve difficulties in social and educational
children???s life. They can also impact on psychomotor development. Mature responses in a child???s psychomotor progress can
only occur if the central nervous system itself has reached maturity. The process consist the transition made from brain stem
reflex response to cortically controlled response. This study defines the occurrence of primitive reflexes in healthy 4???6 years old
children and analyzes the impact of survived primitive reflexes on psychomotor development.
Methods: The study involved 35 participants??? aged 4???6 years healthy preschool children. In the examination there were used
primitive reflexes tests by Sally Goddard for children and motor proficiency test (MOT 4???6 test) in 18 tasks.
Results: Over a half 65% preschool children had survived the primitive reflexes on the trace level. Eleven percent of examined
children had no retained primitive reflexes. According to the psychomotor ability, 9% of the children were in the category of
altered development, 29% in delayed development, 59% in normal and 3% in very good development. The greater the severity
of the reflex, the motor efficiency was lower (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Primitive reflexes integration therapy should be introduced in children???s with low psychomotor skills. Primitive
reflexes routinely tested which can contribute to improved early psychomotor development in children with needs, thus
preventing many difficulties which children can encounter within their social and school life.
PhD candidate in Department of Physiotherapy in Wroclaw Medical University, Poland. Practitioner as a therapist Bobath Therapy in Neurological Dysfunction as well as Developmental Movement Programme INPP. Her main research interest is persistence of primitive reflexes and coexistence of developmental and postural disorders. Author and co-author the publications in this area. Lecturer on national and international conferences.