alexa Pesticide Usage In Vegetable, Rice And Cotton Cropping Area And Its Impact On Surface Water In Three Rivers
ISSN: 2375-4397

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Annual Congress on Environmental Pollution and Sustainable Energy
July 20-22, 2017 Melbourne, Australia

Tanu Jindal
Amity University, India
Keynote: J Pollut Eff Cont
DOI: 10.4172/2375-4397-C1-004
Abstract
Statement of the Problem: Crop wise, in India the consumption of pesticides are found highest in cotton i.e., around 37%, followed by paddy 20%, while the vegetable consumes about 9% pesticide residues. The high water requirement and the heavy pesticide load used in crops in India have resulted in contamination of associated surface water such as streams, ditches, rivers and lakes. Farmers often spray hazardous insecticides like organophosphates and organochlorine up to five to six times in one cropping season while only two applications may be sufficient. The usual practice of draining crop water into irrigation canals may cause river and lake contamination. Therefore a study was undertaken to analyze the contamination by pesticide in surface water samples flowing near the farms of vegetable, rice and cotton growing areas. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Samples of rivers (Yamuna, Hindon and Ghaggar) were taken from nearby field crop surface, 2 km, 2 km bottom and 5 km. Findings: Yamuna River samples were found 45% contaminated with organochlorine and 25% with organophosphorous pesticides. All the synthetic pyrethroids analyzed were found below MRL value. Hindon River samples were found contaminated with 52% by organochlorine pesticides, 25% by organophosphorous pesticides and 12.5% by synthetic pyrethroids. Surface water samples collected from river Ghaggar were found contaminated with 38.6% organochlorine pesticide, 50% by organophosphorous pesticide and 10.5% by synthetic pyrethroids residues which were above MRL value. Conclusion & Significance: The results are alarming and show that either the use of banned pesticides (DDT and Endosulfan) is still continued or they are present in surface water samples as they are very persistent. There is an urgent need of proper extension services to educate farmers about the judicious use of new molecules of pesticides along with integrated pest management approach to avoid contamination of water resources.
Biography

Tanu Jindal is a Professor and Director of Amity Institute of Environmental Science and also Amity Institute of Environmental Toxicology, Safety and Management and has 21 years of experience in Environmental Studies., Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, India. She has successfully completed projects from many prestigious funding agencies such as Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Department of Science and Technology (DST). She has filed six patents on lysimetric-device, apparatus to estimate the loss of xenobiotics by volatilization and mineralization, natural pesticide, photochemical method to dispose of dilute pesticide waste, EMF radiation exposure system and cost effective water testing kit. Her recent initiatives are on environmental monitoring studies at Antarctica with NCAOR, Goa and GMO’s of climate change resistant variance. She is a Visiting Professor to Derby University, UK. Her expertise is ISO-17025, GLP-studies, radio and stable isotope tracer techniques, GC, HPLC, ICP, MS and tissues exposures etc.

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version