Pharmacists are encouraged to report serious adverse drug effects (ADEs) that they encounter to the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA). However, many serious reports are not reported and little is known about the predictors of low
reporting rates in United States. We conducted a study based on the theory of planned behavior to explore these predictors. A
survey was developed and mailed to 1,500 Texas practicing pharmacists; 377 pharmacists responded ( 26.4% response rate).
Overall, pharmacists intended to report serious ADEs, had a favorable attitude towards reporting, were somewhat influenced
by social norms regarding reporting and perceived themselves to have some control over reporting serious ADEs to the FDA.
Attitude and social norms were significant predictors of intention to report serious ADEs, but perceived control was not. Attitude,
social norms and perceived control together accounted for 34.0% of the variance in intention to report.
In summary, A, and SN influence the formation of pharmacists� intention to report serious ADEs. Pharmacy educators should
explore pharmacists� attitudes, beliefs, and expectations of important others in designing educational programs. Strategies to
help pharmacists report more serious ADEs should focus on altering their perception of social pressure towards reporting and
addressing the barriers towards ADE reporting (e.g., lack of knowledge).
Paul Gavaza holds a Ph.D in Pharmacy Administration from The University of Texas at Austin. He is an Assistant Professor of Social and Administrative Sciences at Appalachian College of Pharmacy He has published more than 22 papers in reputed journals in pharmacy and drug safety. He has served as reviewer for many peer reviewed journals.
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