alexa Preparation Of Hydroxyapatite From Industrial Waste Phosphogypsum By Hydrothermal Method, Its Application In Waste Treatment
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
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9th World Congress on Materials Science and Engineering
June 12-14, 2017 Rome, Italy

Hiba Bensalah, Maged F Bekheet, Saad Alami Younssi, Mohamed Ouammou and Aleksander Gurlo
University Hassan II of Casablanca, Morocco
Technical University of Berlin, Germany
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022-C1-068
Abstract
Phosphogypsum (PG) is an industrial waste derived from the production of phosphoric acid where the phosphate ore is dissolved in sulfuric acid. About 5 tons of phosphogypsum are produced for every ton of P2O5 manufactured. Worldwide PG production is huge, and it is estimated that 200,000 tons are produced annually in phosphoric acid plants. In fact, 85% of the worldwide production remains at present stored into piles near the factory that occupy considerable land resources, or completely discharged into water, which lead to serious contamination. In consequence, valorizing and minimizing the negative effects of this hazardous waste increasingly grab the attention of researchers all around the world. In the present work, the conversion of an industrial sub-product phosphogypsum (PG) into hydroxyapatite (H-Ap) was investigated. Hydrothermal synthesis was applied by reacting PG with a salt at different times, temperatures, while adjusting pH using sodium hydroxide solution NaOH (1 M). The obtained H-Ap exhibited a hexagonal structure, a high purity and nanorod- like shaped of 44 nmx12 nm. The prepared nano-hydroxyapatite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformed-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The findings showed that PG recycling could be accomplished using an easy synthesis route with relatively cheap reactants in order to produce nano-crystalline H-Ap. The elaborated hydroxyapatite powder was used as en effective adsorbent of organic dyes/heavy metals from wastewater.
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