alexa Prevalence And Drug Susceptibility Pattern Of Group B Streptococci (GBS) Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care At Nekemte Referral Hospital, Nekemte, Ethiopia | 67629
ISSN: 2161-0703

Journal of Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

JOINT EVENT ON 15th International PHARMACEUTICAL MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE & 10th Annual MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY SUMMIT & EXPO

Hylemariam Mihiretie Mengist, Olifan Zewdie, Adugna Belew and Regea Dabsu
Wollega University, Ethiopia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Med Microb Diagn
DOI: 10.4172/2161-0703-C1-006
Abstract
Background & Aim: Maternal colonization with GBS in the genitourinary or gastrointestinal tracts is the primary risk factor for disease. Maternal infections of GBS constitute one of the leading pathogens associated with both early and late-onset neonatal sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and drug susceptibility pattern of Group B Streptococci (GBS) among pregnant women. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Nekemte Referral Hospital (NRH) between March and May, 2016 on a total of 180 pregnant women. Vaginal swabs were aseptically collected from each pregnant woman using sterile cotton swabs, inoculated in 1.5 ml Todd Hewitt broth (supplemented with colistin and nalidixic acid) and sub-cultured on 5% sheep blood agar. Gram staining, bacitracin sensitivity test, CAMP test and drug susceptibility tests were performed. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and associated risk factors were collected using structured questionnaires. Cleaned and coded data were analyzed by SPSS software version 20. P value <0.05 was used as a significance level. Results: The median age of the participants was 24.5 years (range: 16-38) and 86% participants were urban residents. The total prevalence of maternal GBS colonization from vaginal swab culture was 12.2% (22/180). The prevalence of GBS colonization rate was significantly higher in those pregnant women above 37 weeks of gestation [AOR, 95% CI: 2.1 (1.2, 11.6), P=0.03] and married ones [AOR, 95% CI: 3.2(1.8, 11.6), P<0.021]. 20 (91%) of GBS isolates were sensitive to vancomycin and the highest resistance was observed against penicillin G (77.3%). Conclusion: The prevalence of GBS colonization in this study is significantly high and differed by gestational age and marital status. None of the GBS isolates were resistant to vancomycin but higher resistance was shown against penicillin G. Screening of pregnant women for GBS colonization, large scale longitudinal studies with molecular characterization of GBS in both mothers and neonates is recommended.
Biography

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7