alexa Prevalence And Underlying Factors Of Teenage Motherhood And Pregnancy: A Comparative Study Of Females Under 20 Years In Urbanized And Non-urbanized Districts In Legazpi City
ISSN: 2167-0420

Journal of Womens Health Care
Open Access

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World Congress on Midwifery and Womens Health
August 29-31, 2016 Atlanta, USA

German E Agravante
Bicol Christian College of Medicine, Philippines
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Womens Health Care
DOI: 10.4172/2167-0420.C1.003
Abstract
The rise of teenage motherhood and pregnancy occurrence in a community provides an avenue for researchers and policymakers to look closely and initiate measures to counteract the trend. These measures can only be effective if they are based on the factors that set the alarm on this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to know the prevalence of pregnancy among females under 20 years living in urbanized and non-urbanized districts of Legazpi City, and to know which among the factors (lack of sex education, lack of knowledge on contraception, religious beliefs and peer pressure, etc.) are common and unique that contribute to the prevalence of teenage pregnancy in both areas. The study was conducted at eight districts in Legazpi, comprising of four districts within the city center and four districts in the outskirts of the city, representing the urbanized and non-urbanized areas, respectively. The respondents consist of mothers and pregnant women under the age of 20 and were given a questionnaire which consists of 23 questions that focuses on the factors that contribute to teenage pregnancy and sexual behaviours. Findings revealed that the prevalence of teenage mothers is higher in urbanized than in nonurbanized districts and the prevalence of teenage pregnancy is higher in non-urbanized than in urbanized districts. Varied factors common and unique to both areas have been identified and corresponding recommendations were made to facilitate appropriate prevention strategies in minimizing the incidence of teenage pregnancy.
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