This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
The present study was conducted to assess the macro- and micro-mineral deficiencies in hydrofluorotic cross bred cattle and
water buffaloes of Bathinda district of Punjab, India. Blood samples were collected from 585 dairy animals from 25 villages
of 8 blocks of the district. Fodder and soil samples were also collected for mineral estimation. Fluoride concentration in water
samples intended for animal consumption and plasma samples of animals were estimated. High fluoride levels were observed in
both plasma and water samples. The overall prevalence of hydrofluorosis (based on plasma fluoride levels) in crossbred cattle and
buffaloes was 70.73 and 74.79 per cent, respectively. Based on plasma mineral analysis, sub-clinical deficiencies of Ca, Pi, Cu and
Zn in both crossbred cattle and buffaloes were observed with maximal deficiency of Cu. Prevalence of sub-clinical deficiencies of
Ca, Cu, Zn and Pi in crossbred cattle were 26.36, 57.74, 19.67 and 35.11 per cent, respectively and 19.35, 48.09, 19.06 and 23.86
per cent, respectively in buffaloes. Significantly lower mean plasma Ca levels were also observed in both hydrofluorotic crossbred
cattle and buffaloes as compared to non- hydrofluorotic crossbred cattle and buffaloes. Fodder samples of the affected farms in
the district had deficiency of Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn and Mn, whereas soil samples revealed deficiency of Mn and Fe. From the present
study, it can be concluded that excess fluoride intake may result into macro- and micro-mineral deficiencies in cross bred cattle
and water buffaloes.
S.S. Randhawa has completed his Ph.D at the age of 38 years from C.S.A. University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India. He is the
Director of Research cum Dean, Postgraduate Studies of Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, a premier
veterinary university of India. He has published more than 212 original research papers in referred international and national journals; visited U.S.A.,
Canada, Brazil, Italy and France for presentation of research papers in the past and to learn animal health programmes. He is fellow of five National
Academies and Scientific Societies and has a professional experience of more than 30 years in veterinary sciences.
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals