alexa PREVALENCE OF SOME CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG TYPE 2 DIABETIC OUTPATIENTS WITH OR WITHOUT CORONARY RISK IN TEACHING HOSPITAL IN KUMASI | 70869
ISSN: 2167-0943

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome
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2nd International Conference on Metabolic Syndrome

Odeafo Asamoah-Boakye
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Metabolic Synd
DOI: 10.4172/2167-0943-C1-006
Abstract
Cardiovascular diseases are associated with type 2 diabetes, and concurrently responsible for 68% cause of mortality among these populations. The study aimed to determine cardiovascular disease risk factors, among Type 2 Diabetic Outpatients with or without coronary risk. A cross sectional study was conducted on 152 subjects. The BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, glycated haemoglobin, serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein, and low density lipoprotein were determined. Sociodemographic data were collected with questionnaire. Data were analysed using SPSS version 23. Out of 152 subjects, 37 (24.3%) were males and 115 (75.7%) were females. The prevalence of hyperglycemia, obesity and abdominal obesity were 74.3%, 66.4% and 72.3% respectively. The prevalence of single dyslipidemia, combined dyslipidemia and mixed dyslipidemia were 63.8%, 15.8%, and 1.3% respectively. Additionally, 35.3% of subjects had high coronary risk, and 5.3% had high atherosclerosis risk. Hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and high LDL-C were higher among high coronary risk Type 2 diabetics (75.9 %, 7.4%, 87.0%,) than those without coronary risk (22.4%, 4.1%, 13.0% respectively) (TC: p<0.0001, TG: p=0.003, LDL-C: p<0.0001). Cardiovascular risk factors were high among study subjects, and significantly associated among high coronary risk type 2 diabetics. High Cardiovascular risk factors may predispose type 2 diabetics at high risk of cardiovascular diseases.
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