alexa Primary Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis: Monotherapy Vs. Combination Therapy
ISSN: 2161-0959

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics
Open Access

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12th Global Nephrologists Annual Meeting
June 26-28, 2017 London, UK

Sharifiaghdas F, Sharifiaghdas S and Taheri M
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Labbafinejad Hospital, Iran
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nephrol Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2161-0959-C1-040
Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the clinical results of monotherapy with combination therapy in treatment of Primary Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis (PMNE) in children. Patients & Methods: Between December 2008 and May 2013, we reviewed the records of 176 children with PMNE. The monotherapy group received 120 micrograms of desmopressin melt whereas the combination therapy group received 120 micrograms of desmopressin melt plus 1-2 mg oral tablet of tolterodine. The degree of response was evaluated at 1-3 months during the treatment and 6 months after complete cessation of treatment protocol. Results: Among 176 children, 84 and 92 patients received monotherapy and combination therapy, respectively. There were no statistical differences in gender, age, or baseline monthly frequency of PMNE between the two groups. At baseline, patients had an overall mean of 23.6±5.6 wet nights per month, which decreased to 10.8±5.6 and 7.3±5.3 in monotherapy group and 8.9±9.5 and 3.3±4.9 in combination therapy group at 1 and 3 months after treatment. The rates of Complete plus Partial Response to treatment at 1 and 3 months for monotherapy and combination therapy group were 63.1% and 73.9% vs. 72.5% and 93.47% (P value 0.12 vs. 0.006). The relapse of PMNE 6 months after complete cessation of treatment was 16.39% and 9.09% for monotherapy vs. combination therapy group. Conclusion: This study supports the efficacy of combination therapy with desmopressin melt plus oral tolterodine over monotherapy with desmopressin melt in the first-line treatment of PMNE in children.
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