alexa Psychological And Social Impact Of Blindness In The Daily-life Of The People Affected At Parakou (Benin Republic)
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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10th International conference on Ophthalmology and Optometry
August 10-11, 2017 Beijing, China

Codjo Rodrigue Abel Assavedo, Fifame Prudence Fidelia Emilie Gbagonou Fanou, Tchegnonsi Francis Tognon, Prosper Gandaho, Ignace Sounouvou, Sidonie Hounnou Tchabi and Claudia Doutetien Gbaguidi
Université de Parakou, Benin
Centre Hospitalier Départemental et Universitaire du Borgou, Benin
Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Benin
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Clin Exp Ophthalmol
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9570-C1-064
Abstract
Purpose: To study the psychosocial effects of blindness among the people affected in order to improve their quality of life. Method: We had undertaken a cross-sectional study, descriptive and analytical that consisted on a prospective collection of data of 224 recruited cases in an exhaustive way in the service of ophthalmology of the CHD-B and to the CPSAP. This study had proceeded from March 3rd to June 30th, 2014. Results: The sex ratio was of 2.03. The mean age was of 34.5±12.66 years. Students were more represented (33.93%), followed by the workmen (16.06%) and the housewives (12.95%). The rate of binocular blindness was of 46.88%. The leading causes of blindness were: The cataract (36.74%), the glaucome (19.70%), the retinochoroiditis (10.23%) and the corneal opacities (7.58%). The majority of the patients (72.52%) had recourse to modern medicine. Daily 79.05% of the people affected by binocular blindness present a feeling of dependence and 42.03% feel useless. The abandonment by the husband was observed among 11 patients. Blindness constitutes a handicap in the life of 89.52% of these patients because of stigmatization (94.68%), the loss of autonomy for the least acts (60.95%), the loss of their employs (40%). For 75.44% of the patients, blindness was natural on the other hand 9.38% thought that it was about a bad spelling and 8.93% due to witchcrafts. The faith in God (98.65%), the help by family (91.89%) and that of the spouse (64%) were the principal means which helped the patients to deal well with this blindness. Conclusion: Blindness with obvious psychosocial repercussions over the life of affected persons, because it affects their autonomy and quality of life. It is urge to promote a better organization of the medical system in taking in account as well the psychosocial concerned as the readjustment.
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