alexa Recombinant Heat Shock Protein 60 (GroEL) Of S.Typhi As An Effective Adjuvant In Modulating The Immunogenicity Of Invasion Plasmid Antigen B (IpaB) Of Shigella Flexneri Against Lethal Shigella Infection In Mice | 9873
ISSN: 2157-7560

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
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3rd International Conference on Vaccines & Vaccination

STS. Chitradevi, A. Bansal, G. Kaur, D. Saraswat, M. Singh and S. Saxena
Posters: J Vaccines Vaccin
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7560.S1.017
Abstract
S higella spp. cause severe bacillary dysentry in humans associated with high morbidity and mortality. The multiple Shigella serotypes and their resistance to antibiotics warrants the development of vaccine that is protective across all serotypes. Shigella utilizes type III secretion apparatus and translocates the effector proteins into the host cell to initiate the infection. The effector protein IpaB (Invasion plasmid antigen B) is necessary for pathogenesis and mediates macrophage cell death. It is the conserved molecule in all Shigella serotypes. The present study evaluates the adjuvant effect of recombinant GroEL of S. Typhi when co- immunized with recombinant IpaB of S. flexneri in mice. IpaB domain region (37 KDa) of S. flexneri was amplified, cloned, expressed in BL-21 E.coli cells and purified. Intra-nasal (i.n.) immunization of mice with IpaB protein alone showed increase in IgG and IgA antibody titers as compared to control mice, but when co-immunized with GroEL, there was two fold increase in antibody titers. Antibody isotyping (IgG1, IgG2a) and cytokines estimation (IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-10) revealed enhanced Th1 and Th2 immune responses in co-immunized group. Immunization of mice with recombinant IpaB protected 60-70% of mice from lethal i.n. infection of S. flexneri, S. boydii and S. sonnei whereas co-immunization increased the protective efficacy to 80%. This study shows the potential of GroEL of S. Typhi as an effective adjuvant for the development of broadly protective IpaB based vaccine against all Shigella spp.
Biography
STS. Chitradevi has completed her M.Sc Microbiology at Annamalai University, Chidambaram, India. She is the Senior research scholar at Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Delhi, India and pursuing her Ph.D in Life Sciences at Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, India. She was awarded with Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology fellowship, DRDO- Junior research fellowship and DRDO-Senior research fellowship. She recently published her work in the reputed journal Vaccine.
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