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Resveratrol Improves Left Ventricular Diastolic Relaxation In Type 2 Diabetic Mice By Inhibiting Oxidative/nitrative Stress | 4262
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

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Resveratrol improves left ventricular diastolic relaxation in type 2 diabetic mice by inhibiting oxidative/nitrative stress

International Conference and Exhibition on Nutritional Science & Therapy

Hanrui Zhang

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Nutr Food Sci

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9600.S1.002

Abstract
Resveratrol is a natural phytophenol that exhibits cardioprotective effects. This study was designed to elucidate the mechanisms by which resveratrol protects against diabetes-induced cardiac dysfunction. Normal control (m-Lepr(db)) mice and type 2 diabetic (Lepr(db)) mice were treated with resveratrol orally for 4 wk. In vivo MRI showed that resveratrol improved cardiac function by increasing the left ventricular diastolic peak filling rate in Lepr(db) mice. This protective role is partially explained by resveratrol?s effects on improving nitric oxide (NO) production and inhibiting oxidative/nitrative stress in cardiac tissue. Resveratrol increased NO production by enhancing endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) expression and reduced O(2)(?-) production by inhibiting NAD(P)H oxidase activity and gp91(phox) mRNA and protein expression. The increased nitrotyrosine (N-Tyr) protein expression in Lepr(db) mice was prevented by the inducible NO synthase (iNOS) inhibitor 1400W. Resveratrol reduced both N-Tyr and iNOS expression in Lepr(db) mice. Furthermore, TNF-α mRNA and protein expression, as well as NF- κB activation, were reduced in resveratrol-treated Lepr(db) mice. Both Lepr(db) mice null for TNF-α (db(TNF-)/db(TNF-) mice) and Lepr(db) mice treated with the NF-κB inhibitor MG-132 showed decreased NAD(P)H oxidase activity and iNOS expression as well as elevated eNOS expression, whereas TNF-α treatment to m-Lepr(db) mice showed the opposite effects. Thus, resveratrol protects against cardiac dysfunction by inhibiting oxidative/nitrative stress and improving NO availability. This improvement is due to the role of resveratrol in inhibiting TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation, therefore subsequently inhibiting the expression and activation of NAD(P)H oxidase and iNOS as well as increasing eNOS expression in type 2 diabetes.
Biography
Hanrui Zhang obtained her MD/MSc in Chinese Medicine from Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, and PhD in pharmacology from the University of Missouri. She is author of over 25 papers in the field of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in reputable journals such as Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, Basic Research in Cardiology, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, American Journal of Physiology- Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Clinical Science, Obesity, etc.. She published over 10 abstracts, co-authored 1 book chapter, and is serving as editorial board member for 3 journals and reviewer for 10 journals.
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