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Stem Cell-based Restorative Approaches In Neurodegenerative Diseases: A New Horizon For Regenerative Neurosurgery | 6680
ISSN: 2157-7633

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Open Access

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Stem cell-based restorative approaches in neurodegenerative diseases: A new horizon for regenerative neurosurgery

International Conference on Regenerative & Functional Medicine

Guido Nikkhah

Accepted Abstracts: J Stem Cell Res Ther

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7633.S1.005

Abstract
The current interest and scientific progress in progenitor and stem cell biology has funneled a major scientific endeavor in the field of neural development and repair, with intriguing new insights into cellular differentiation and integration under normal as well as pathological conditions. In particular, the development of neuronal progenitor grafts towards a transplantation therapy in Parkinson?s and Huntington?s disease (PD, HD) has received a widespread interest. Firstly, there is a substantial body of evidence about the structural and functional anatomy of the neurotransmitter systems (dopamine and GABA) during development and in the adult central nervous system. Secondly, current clinical transplantation protocols for patients with PD and HD are profoundly limited e.g. by the use of fresh embryonic graft material derived from human abortions and by uneven and ectopic graft-derived innervation. Thirdly, more than 20-years of experimental experience with neuronal grafts in well characterized animal models of PD and HD have accumulated now a significant body of knowledge about DA grafts survival, integration and functional recovery. Currently there is a active scientific debate about a number of important topics, such as (i) can fetal neuronal grafts reverse clinical symptoms of PD and HD, (ii) are age and/or clinical status of the patient relevant prognostic factors and (iii) what are the underlying mechanisms for graft-induced improvements and potential side effects after transplantation. This talk will focus on our own experimental and clinical experience and will be directed towards the further progress in this novel and exciting field of restorative neurobiology and neurosurgery.
Biography
Guido Nikkhah has completed his M.D. and Ph.D from the University of Giessen (Germany) and Lund (Sweden), respectively. He has been a neurosurgeon and neuroscientist at the Medical High School of Hanover for 10 years. He is currently the director of the Division of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery in Freiburg. Hi major interests are novel functional neurosurgical procedures such as neural transplantation and deep brain stimulation in movement disorders. He has published more than 100 papers in reputed international journals, where he also serves as an editorial board member.
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