alexa Summary Of Evaluation Of Anti-protozoal Efficacy From Medicinal Herbs Extracts Against Eimeria Tenella, Toxoplasma Gondii And Neospora Caninum
ISSN: 2155-9597

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

4th International Conference on Parasitology
September 01-02, 2017 | Prague, Czech Republic

Hee-Jeong Youn
Seoul National University, South Korea
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Bacteriol Parasitol
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9597-C1-034
Abstract
Eimeria tenella, Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum are very important coccidial protozoa in domestic animals and poultry. In order to develop the anti-coccidial drugs, the extracts of 15 medicinal herbs were screeningly evaluated the anti-coccidial efficacies against E. tenella. Sophora flavescens (S. flavescens), Pulsatilla koreana, Sinomenium acutum, Ulmus macrocarpa and Torilis japonica (T. japonica) were the more effective anti-coccidial activities than the other herbs against E. tenella. These five herbs were re-evaluated the anti-protozoal activities against Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) and Neospora caninum (N. caninum). S. flavescens and T. japonica were the more effective anti-protozoal activities than the other herbs against T. gondii and N. caninum. S. flavescens and T. japonica were evaluated anti-protozoal efficacy of medicinal herb extracts in cell culture. These herbs extracts were fractionated by use of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Nine HPLC fractions from herb extracts of S. flavescens and T. japonica were evaluated the anti-neosporal efficacy against T. gondii and N. caninum, and we found six fractions (four fractions of S. flavescens, two fractions of T. japonica) which showed good anti-neosporal efficacy in this study. In the second test, to characterize the chemical components associated with anti-neosporal activity, specific fractions were isolated by HPLC. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS) was then performed to certify the components and to determine their amount in the herb extracts, and these fractions were evaluated in vitro against N. caninum. To determine the ability of each fraction to inhibit parasite proliferation, 3H-uracil incorporation was used to determine parasite replication. Four fractions (3 fractions of S. flavescens, 1 fraction of T. japonica) showed high anti-protozoal efficacy for N. caninum. The constituents of the herb extracts (T. japonica and S. flavescens) were sophoridane (2), matridin-15-one(CAS, 1), furosardonin A(1), tetraisopropylidene-cyclobutanee, 5,17,beta-dihydroxy-de-A-Estra-5,7,9,14-Tetraene (1), furanodiene (1), 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)-(CAS, 1). We tested these herbal HPLC fractions in mice, Korean native goats and dogs to determine anti-neosporal efficacy. In this study, we infected Korean isolate of Neospora (KBA-2) to mice, pregnant goats and suckling dogs and we evaluated anti-neosporal efficacy of HPLC fractions of herb extracts (S. flavescens, T. japonica). The mouse which was treated with high dose of S. flavescens (7.125 ng/ml) and T. japonica (7.125 ng/ml) showed improved survival rate to 25% and 41.7%, respectively and showed decreased brain lesion score to 1.81 and 2.23, respectively. In this experiment, the extracts of S. flavescens and T. japonica showed good efficacy in protection of Neospora, and improved survival rates in mice. We could find out that S. flavescens and T. japonica could delay abortion days in pregnant goats but it could not prohibit Neospora infection or treat Neosporosis.
Biography

Hee-Jeong Youn is a Professor of Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, South Korea. His research areas include “Development of anti-protozoal drugs and the parasites for wild rodents and so on”.

image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords