alexa The Acid Hydrolysis Of A. Spinosa Pulp In The Production Of Second Generation Bio-ethanol
ISSN: 2090-4541

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

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4th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy
April 27-28, 2017 Dubai, UAE

F Z Zouhair, A Benali, R Kebbour, A N Saadi, N Cheikhi, M Bouksaim and A Essamri
University Ibn Tofail, Morocco
National Institute for Agricultural Research, Morocco
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl
DOI: 10.4172/2090-4541-C1-027
Abstract
The increase on world’s energy demand and the progressive depletion of oil reserves encourage studies searching for alternative fuels, especially for those derived from renewable materials such as biomass. In terms of biofuels, bioethanol is considered as the most promising alternative on short and medium terms and its use as a biofuel additive has rapidly increased. Bioethanol is produced from the fermentation of sugars obtained from biomass. Bioethanol feedstock can contain either sucrose (e.g. sugarcane, sugar beet) or starch (e.g. corn, wheat) or be a lignocellulosic material (e.g. sugarcane bagasse, wood and straw). A potential source for low-cost ethanol production is to utilize lignocellulosic materials such as crop residues, grasses, sawdust, wood chips, animal and industrial residues. The aim of the present study was to use the A. Spinosa residue as a cheap substrate for the production of bioethanol as fuel, the hydrolysis of the A. Spinosa pulp by HCl and H2SO4 at different conditions of the reaction was investigated. The final reducing sugars concentration and remaining fiber in the hydrolyzates depended on the type and concentration of acid and the ratio of plant material to acid solution.
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