This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
ltrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is part of a bearing couple for over 1 million annual total hip and
knee joint replacements in the US. Our work focuses on improving the material properties to address problems that cause
revision surgeries such as osteolysis and joint dislocation and to improve the function and feasibility of the operation for all ages.
Peri-prosthetic osteolysis induced by wear, the leading problem causing revision, appears reduced by ?first generation?
radiation cross-linked and melted UHMWPE at 10 years of in vivo use. But, the fatigue strength of UHMWPE is decreased
by irradiation and melting, which may hinder its use in high stress applications. In addition, a small amount of oxidation was
observed recently in long term implants, possibly caused by the absorption of peri-prosthetic lipids into the polymer.
The introduction of the antioxidant vitamin E by diffusion after cross-linking to prevent oxidation was successful in
improving the fatigue strength by eliminating melting. The extensive in vitro tests and early clinical outcome using this material
has prompted alternative materials using antioxidants to be developed. The wear and oxidation resistance and mechanical
properties of these ?second generation? cross-linked UHMWPEs are promising for improving the oxidative stability and the
longevity of current designs.
A new family of bearing surfaces based on limiting cross-linking to the surface of the implants to improve mechanical
strength further may enable the use of more versatile designs and may allow the use of thinner liners in total hip arthroplasty,
preventing dislocation and preserving bone
Ebru Oral completed her Ph.D in Chemical Engineering at Purdue University and postdoctoral studies in Orthopaedic Surgery at Harvard Medical
School. She is currently junior faculty at the same institution, focusing on improving the performance of medical devices using innovations in polymer
science. She has published 32 peer-reviewed papers (which have more than 450 citations), 5 reviews, 4 book chapters and more than 60 conference
proceedings. She is also an inventor on 9 families of patent applications.
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals