Taking care of diabetic patients involves a family which is perceived as an environment, whose support is a factor that best
forecasts implementation of required recommendations for diabetes care. The ability of family to support patients? effort can
improve diabetes care results. The aim of this work is to indicate how family knowledge about the disease diversifies a medical
condition and complications risk among diabetic patients.
Research has been carried out within the scope of NCSR grant no. 6P05D02320, under the leadership of the work?s author,
among 1366 families/caregivers of diabetic patients randomly chosen from 61 primary healthcare centres in Poland. For the
purpose of this work, the research has been carried out based on: anonymous questionnaires among patients? families/caregivers,
analysis of medical records. Results. The majority of families supporting the patient have no knowledge about the disease
(56.2%). Among families with higher (moderate) knowledge level a statistical analysis demonstrated that the patient takes more
care about oral hygiene (p=0.00000), participates in self-control (p=0.00000) and self-monitoring (p=0.00559), is more efficient
and independent (p=0.00000), have no somatic (p=0.00190) or psycho-emotional health complains (p=0.0088), or additional
medical conditions (p=0.00104) and his/her weight (p=0.00007), blood pressure (p=0.00077) and triglycerides level (p=0.01036)
are in the normal range.
1.Family knowledge about the disease is a significant factor that diversifies a medical condition of diabetic patients.
2.Higher knowledge level of the family about the disease improves patients? medical condition and reduces the risk of diabetes
Anna Abramczyk Ph.D., professor of University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn. Author of more than 170 papers (published) about the
international and national range. Expert of the Polish Committee Accreditation in the range education on the medical direction. Director and author
the grant no 6P05D02320, ?The quality of care above patients with diabetes on the level of the primary health care?, financed by Committee of
Scientific Research in Poland. Expert in the range of public health, social medicine, diabetes care. The reviewer of works about the international
and national range.
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