alexa The Human Bifidobacterium Infantis DZ Secretes A Bacteriocin-like Antibacterial Substance Active In Vitro And In Vivo Against Enteropathogenic E. Coli, The Major Cause Of Child Diarrhea In Algeria | 5526
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

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The human Bifidobacterium infantis DZ secretes a bacteriocin-like antibacterial substance active in vitro and in vivo against enteropathogenic E. coli, the major cause of child diarrhea in Algeria

International Conference and Exhibition on Probiotics - 2012

Farida Bendali and Djamila Sadoun

Accepted Abstracts: J Food Process Technol

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7110.S1.009

Abstract
Six species of Bifidobacteria were tested towards enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) by the spot on-lawn and the well diffusion methods. The six strains were active with the both tests; however Bifidobacterium infantis showed the greatest effect with inhibition zones diameters of 18 and 12 mm respectively. The inhibitory activity of the supernatant was assumed to be due to bacteriocin-like substances since the treatment with three proteases (pepsin, papain, trypsin) resulted in a decrease in the inhibition zones diameters. These indicate that the active substances are of proteinaceous in nature. The active substances were efficiently concentrated using ammonium sulphate (60%) precipitation method followed by deionisation and partial purification on Sephadex G-75 gel. From the results obtained in vitro, the partially purified bacteriocin-like substance was used in an in vivo study using young holoxenic wistar mice. Administration of skimmed milk containing 160 AU/ml of the active substance to diarrheic mice infected with EPEC induced an arrest of the diarrhea concomitant with recovery of a good health status of the treated mice compared to the untreated ones.
Biography
Farida Bendali has completed her Ph.D in 2009 and her ?habilitation [HDR]? "Habilitation ? Diriger des Recherches") in 2011 from Bejaia University. She is a searcher at the Applied Microbiology Laboratory (Bejaia University). Her research interest is on Molecular microbiology, particularly in relation with Food Safety, Probiotics and Bacteriocins, Adhesion and biofilm formation of Lactic acid bacteria and pathogens on biotic and abiotic surfaces. She is a teacher at the Microbiology Department, Nature and Life Sciences Faculty, Bejaia University (Algeria), She is a Professor associate since 2011.
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