alexa The Impact Of A Multidisciplinary Self-care Management Program On Quality Of Life, Self-care, Adherence To Anti-hypertensive Therapy, Glycemic Control, And Renal Function In Diabetic Kidney Disease: A Cross-over Study
ISSN: 2161-0959

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..

12th Global Nephrologists Annual Meeting
June 26-28, 2017 London, UK

Nancy Helou
The University of Health Sciences, Switzerland
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nephrol Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2161-0959-C1-040
Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD) is a global health concern that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Patients with DKD are expected to manage their daily self-care activities. Patients’ non-adherence to treatment regimen is thought to be the major cause for the poor control and the occurrence of complications. Previous research has shown that multidisciplinary management of DKD can improve patient outcomes. The effect of nurse-led multidisciplinary self-care management on Quality of Life (QoL), selfcare, adherence to antihypertensive therapy, glycemic control and renal function of patients with DKD is not yet well established. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a nurse-led Multidisciplinary Self-care Management Program (MSMP) on QoL, selfcare behavior, adherence to anti-hypertensive therapy, glycemic control, and renal function of adults with DKD. A uniform balanced cross-over design was used with 32 participants randomized into four study arms. Cross-over designs allow efficient comparison of treatments when recruiting fewer participants and attaining the same level of statistical power as randomized controlled trials. It is for use more importantly in chronic diseases for comparison of participants’ responses to different treatments. Each participant receives treatment and serve of own control thus, overcoming the mixed effects related to heterogeneity of co-morbidities when comparing two different groups. The uniform strongly balanced design represents the ideal crossover because it overcomes the statistical bias of carry-over effect. Each participant received twice at different time intervals and over 12 months, three months of Usual Care (UC) alternating with three months of MSMP. QoL was evaluated using the Audit of Diabetes-Dependent QoL scale, patient self-care behavior was measured using the Revised Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, and adherence to anti-hypertensive therapy was assessed using the Medication Events Monitoring System (MEMS). Blood glucose control was measured by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and renal function by serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio. The present QoL was improved by MSMP with a higher mean rank (55.95) as compared to UC (42.19) (p<0.05, Confidence Interval (CI) of 95%). MSMP also improved the general diet habits, diabetes specific diet habits and blood sugar testing frequency demonstrating overall higher mean ranks as compared to UC (p<0.01, 95% CI, respectively 59.56 vs. 39.44, 59.98 vs. 37.02 and 57.75 vs. 40.43). Results of glycemic control and renal function did not show a significant difference between MSMP and UC. MEMS adherence overall percentage mean (n=21) over the 12 months, for UC and MSMP confounded, was high (95.38%, Min=69%, Max=100%). The implementation of a nurse-led multidisciplinary self-care management program with a theory-based nursing practice improved general QoL and self-care activities of DKD patients.

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version