alexa
Reach Us +441902928240
The Mitochondria And Reactive Oxygen Species On The Disease Formation And Prevention | 22293
ISSN: 2157-7633

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

The mitochondria and reactive oxygen species on the disease formation and prevention

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Cell & Gene Therapy

Yavuz Cakir

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Stem Cell Res Ther

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7633.S1.007

Abstract
There is growing evidence that many forms of diseases including cancer, diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, Multiple Sclerosis and Alzheimer?s disease can be initiated by free radical mediated events or oxidant stress. A cellular source and target of free radical or reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and damage is the mitochondrion. The interaction of mitochondria with ROS modulates cell-signaling pathways and molecular events that control ROS production. Because mitochondria are essential for multiple cell functions, including energy production, redox signaling, cell growth, proliferation, and apoptosis, ROS induce mitochondrial damage and dysfunction in various cells. The effects of ROS on the cells can vary. Under oxidative stress, cycling cells show cell cycle checkpoint responses with a wide array of different mechanisms to block or repair the damage caused by ROS to maintain genomic stability. These mechanisms consist of oxidative response enzymes such as SOD, catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), MPO, iNOS, antioxidants, DNA repair enzymes. However, high levels of unregulated ROS severely impair cellular functions by inducing DNA damage and signaling cascades. Eating disorders and obesity may abnormally increase the amount of ROS and induce disease formation. Caloric restriction on animals and humans reduces the production of ROS and even prolongs the human and animal life. It seems therefore that although a balance between the activation and adaptation of several mechanisms controlled by oxidative signaling occurs, in many chronic diseases these adapted systems are more likely to respond in an abnormal manner under oxidative conditions.
Biography
Yavuz Cakir has completed his PhD at the University of Tennessee and Postdoctoral studies at University of Alabama at Birmingham. He has more than 10 years experience in preclinical and basic research, academic medicine and clinical and laboratory sciences. He conducted research on the mitochondrial diseases and published several articles. His focus is on the cancer, aging, mitochondrial DNA damage, cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, ethanol metabolism, free radicals and caloric restriction.
Leave Your Message 24x7
Top