The Prevalence Of Unknown Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Status And Associated Risk Factors Among Pregnant Women: Findings From The 2012 Behavior Risk Factors Surveillance System (BRFSS) | 24823
Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Like us on:
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Background: Although prenatal HIV infections are declining in the United States, many women of child bearing age are
unaware of their HIV status. HIV testing before or during the early stages of pregnancy is a critical first step to reduce the risk
of mother-to-child transmission.
Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence of women with unknown HIV status and to explore the associations
between socio-demographic characteristics and HIV testing among pregnant women.
Methodology: Responses were analyzed from 2,873 pregnant women who participated in the 2012 BRFSS. Pregnant women
who reported their last HIV test in 2011 and 2012 were classified as women with known HIV status. Descriptive statistics,
Chi-square tests and logistic regression were done using SAS Proc Survey, to account for BRFSS?s multistage complex survey
design and sample weights.
Results: Overall, 26.8% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 23.4-30.2) of pregnant women did not know their HIV status. 9.2% of
these women had high risk behaviors, 15% no health coverage, 24.2% were more than 35 years old, 64.4% were non-Hispanic
White and 37.8% were college graduates. After controlling for cofounders, pregnant women with more than 35 years old (Odd
Ratio [OR] =2.5, 95%CI: 1.4-4.4), self-identify as non-Hispanic White (OR=2.1, 95%CI: 1.2-3.8), no health coverage (OR=2.6,
95%CI: 1.4-4.8), and college degree (OR=1.6, 95%CI: 1.1-2.6) were significantly more likely to be unaware of their HIV status.
Conclusion: Having no insurance, higher education, being non-Hispanic White and older are significantly associated with
unknown HIV status among pregnant women.
Future implications: Our findings highlight the need to continue and strengthen efforts to prevent perinatal HIV transmission
in the United States. Health care providers should recommend HIV testing before conception to reduce this mode of
Ali Dehghanifirouzabadi completed his MD from Iran University of Medical Sciences and he is a master student in Public Health at Jackson State University. In
addition, he is working as a medical abstractor at Mississippi State Department of Health which gave him an opportunity to get involved in different research projects
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals