alexa Two Distinct Mechanisms Of Transcriptional Regulation By The Redox-sensor YodB
ISSN: 0974-276X

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Open Access

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9th International Conference on Structural Biology
September 18-20, 2017 Zurich, Switzerland

Sang Jae Lee
Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Proteomics Bioinform
DOI: 10.4172/0974-276X-C1-101
Abstract
For bacteria, cysteine thiol groups in proteins are commonly used as thiol-based switches for redox sensing to activate specific detoxification pathways and restore the redox balance. Among the known thiol-based regulatory systems, the MarR/DUF24 family regulators have been reported to sense and respond to reactive electrophilic species, including diamide, quinones, and aldehydes, with high specificity. We report that the prototypical regulator YodB of the MarR/DUF24 family from Bacillus subtilis utilizes two distinct pathways to regulate transcription in response to two reactive electrophilic species (diamide or methyl-p-benzoquinone), as revealed by X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and biochemical experiments. Diamide induces structural changes in the YodB dimer by promoting the formation of disulfide bonds, whereas methyl-p-benzoquinone allows the YodB dimer to be dissociated from DNA, with little effect on the YodB dimer. The results indicate that B. subtilis may discriminate toxic quinones, such as methyl-p-benzoquinone, from diamide to efficiently manage multiple oxidative signals. This is the first evidence that different thiol reactive compounds induce dissimilar conformational changes in the regulator to trigger the separate regulation of target DNA. This specific control of YodB is dependent upon the type of thiol reactive compound present, is linked to its direct transcriptional activity, and is important for the survival of B. subtilis. This study of B. subtilis YodB also provides a structural basis for the relationship that exists between the ligand-induced conformational changes adopted by the protein and its functional switch.
Biography

Sang Jae Lee has his expertise in Structural Biology and Structure-Based Drug Discovery. His research interests span a wide range of topics in pathogenesis of pathogenic bacteria including Mycobacteria tuberculosis, Salmonella typhimurium, human cholesterol metabolism, and human rare genetic diseases. Now he works at the Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Seoul National University.

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