alexa Urban Agriculture And Informal Wastewater Irrigation: Farmers Adaptation To Changing Water Quality Of Akaki River, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia | 71602
ISSN: 2168-9881

Agrotechnology
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

International Conference on Agri Biotech & Environmental Engineering

Bogale Biruk Tekeste
Urban Agriculture and Environmental Protection Office, Ethiopia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Agrotechnology
DOI: 10.4172/2168-9881-C1-025
Abstract
Informal wastewater irrigation contributes 60% of major and 90% of leafy vegetable to Addis Ababa’s food basket. Despite its benefits, farmers are challenged with a deteriorating water quality of the Akaki River in the past 40 years. The main objectives of the study were to assess and analyze major on-farm wastewater hazard reduction adoptions and determinants that affect farmers’ behavior of adoption choice. A field survey of a randomly selected 60 urban farmers, a secondary data on water quality parameters and a field experiment were used in order to collect necessary data for the study. Results of the study reveal that about 41.67% of interviewed farmers use on-farm wastewater hazard intervention measures. The major onfarm adoption measures in the study area are simple filtration (15%), safer application (less contaminating irrigation methods (10%), crop restriction (8.33%) and irrigation cessation (8.33%). In order to evaluate the possibility of adopting new measures, a field experiment was made by constructing a simple on-farm sedimentation pond (dugout) and results show that the levels of BOD, COD, TSS, fecal coli form could be reduced by 85.39%, 72.5% and 68.23% and 88% (about 1 log unit) respectively. The marginal analysis result shows the following factors significantly (p=0.005) affects farmers’ choice of low-cost on-farm measures in informal wastewater irrigation: Farming experience, education of a household head and household size. Therefore, incentives on land tenure and further research on wastewater hazard reduction capacity of current adoption measures, support for enhancement of education system and establishment of farmers experience sharing centers are essential in order to increase the adoption of wastewater hazard intervention measures at farm level.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7