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|Emilia C D Carvalho, Natalia C M D Silva and Sue Moorhead|
|University of São Paulo, Brazil
University of Iowa, USA
|ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Nurs Care|
|This randomized clinical trial was performed to evaluate the effect of foot reflexology on the feet of 78 people susceptible to skin rupture, by the nursing outcome “Tissue Integrity: skin and mucous membranes”. In the initial phase, the feet of the participants were evaluated by 20 indicators (score 1 to 5). The score of the nursing outcome was determined by the average of their indicators' scores. Participants were randomized into two groups: Intervention (n=40), that received 16 sessions of foot reflexology in the eightweek period; Control (n=38), that received usual care. In the final phase, the score of the nursing outcome was determined again. The Intervention group presented, at the beginning of the study, the average score of 4.64 (SD=0.28) and, at the end, of 4.90 (SD=0.13); the Control group presented, in the initial phase, average score of 4.66 (SD=0.22); and, in the final phase, of 4.50 (SD=0.26). There was equivalent in the scores presented by the groups (intergroup analysis) at the beginning (p=0.951), and differences between them at the end (p<0.001). When comparing the two periods (intragroup analysis), there was an increase in the Intervention group scores (p<0.001) and decreased in the Control group scores (p<0.001). After the intervention, participants of the Intervention group showed improvement and the participants of the Control group showed worsening in the score of the nursing outcome "Tissue Integrity: skin and mucous membranes".|
Emilia C D Carvalho is Senior Professor in the University of São Paulo. She was the Dean of the Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, Brazil. She was involved as a member in the Brazilian Nursing Association, NANDA-I and Sigma Theta Tau International- Rho Upsilon Chapther . She has supervised doctoral, masters and undergraduate courses in Nursing. ‘She has many clinical researches published in national and international journals.
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