alexa Utilization Of Spent K-cups For Crude Bio-oil Production | 64689
ISSN: 2090-4541

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

4th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy

Qaun (Sophia) He
Dalhousie University, Canada
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy Appl
DOI: 10.4172/2090-4541-C1-026
Abstract
Statement of the Problem: K-cup is a popular single-serve coffee brewing system in North-America. With the growing popularity, the waste produced from this “convenient” process, referred to as spent K-Cups, has raised concern over their potential environmental impact, and thus disposal and/or utilization have attracted increasing attention. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Hydrothermal liquefaction is a thermochemical process for the transformation of biomass or organic waste into liquid biofuels under reaction conditions of temperature and pressure in sub-/supercritical water or organic solvents. In this study, spent K-Cups were liquefied to crude bio-oil in water-ethanol mixture of 50/50 (v/v). Findings: The optimum reaction conditions for maximizing crude bio-oil yield were determined: temperature of 276°C, reaction time of 3 min and solvent/feedstock mass ratio of 11:1, giving the crude bio-oil yield of 60.0%. GC-MS and FT-IR helped identify that the volatile compounds in the resulting crude bio-oil were long-chain aliphatic acids, esters and aromatic compounds. The addition of a catalyst, NaOH, promoted the decomposition of feedstock and thus significantly enhanced the bio-oil production and liquefaction efficiency. However, the addition of acidic catalyst, H2SO4 showed a negative impact on the liquefaction process, decreasing the crude bio-oil yield. Conclusion & Significance: This study offered not only a viable route for the production of crude bio-oil and also an effective approach for waste management.
Biography

Qaun (Sophia) He has her expertise in the development of biofuels from low value biomass and organic waste. Her research interests include: 1) Biodiesel synthesis and application in non-energy sectors; 2) Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass; 3) Catalyst development and application; and 4) Development of oilbased preservatives for wood treatment.

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7