VALIDATION OF THE PROXY TEST FOR DELIRIUM (PTD) AMONG DELIRIOUS PATIENTS IN KING KHALID UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL (KKUH) IN RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA | 60755
Journal of General Practice
Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.
Objective:To validate The Proxy Test for Delirium (PTD) as a screening tool used by nurses to detect delirium in patients admitted
to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU).
Methods:A convenient sample of 288 patients who were eighteen years and above admitted to ICU at King Khalid University Hospital
(KKUH) were observed in a cross sectional study. The screening tools were used blindly to detect delirium. These tools were; The PTD
perform by the patient's primary nurse at the end of their shift, The CAM performed by a trained research assistant, and a clinical
neuropsychiatric evaluation based on DSM-5 criteria performed by Psychosomatic Medicine specialist. The data were analyzed using
the SPSS and Medcalc programs.
Results:The result suggests that using a cutoff score more than 5, the PTD has a sensitivity of 60.00%, specificity of 94.29%, positive
predictive value of 0.818 and negative predictive value of 0.846. The sensitivity of CAM was 53.33% and the specificity was 100.00%.
The positive predictive value and the negative predictive value were 1 and 0.833, respectively. Conclusion: The PTD has shown to be
more sensitive in detecting delirium cases than CAM in the ICU. In the other hand, CAM has shown to be more specific.
Latifah Mohammed Albatly is a medical student at King Saud University, Collage of Medicine.