Italy is officially known as Italian Republic. Italy is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Italy spreads an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely The temperatures in these regions are generally relatively moderate, rather than extremely hot or cold, and the changes between summer and winter are also usually moderate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as the Boot With 61 million inhabitants.
Geographically, Italy is a boot shaped peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea. It is approximately 1,130 kilometers long and has a total area of Italy's land borders are with Switzerland, France, Austria and Slovenia. There are two independent states within Italy's borders: San Marino and Vatican City. The country is basically a peninsula with a unique boot shape, extending into the blue waters of the Mediterranean. Surrounded by seas on all three sides, Italy possesses a distinct beauty of its own. The Italy has two mountain ranges, namely the Alps and the Apennines. The Apennine mountain range is the literal backbone of the country, surrounding the north-western parts, from where it goes to join the Alps.
The Italy is a founding member of the European Union, the Eurozone, the OECD, the G7 and the G8. Italy is the eighth largest exporter in the world with $514 billion exported in 2015. Its closest trade ties are with the other countries of the European Union, with whom it conducts about 59% of its total trade.In Physiology or Medicine, Chemistry, Economic Sciences, and Physics this nation produced 20 Nobel laureates so far. India has established infrastructure for advanced medical research in psychology. University of Bolognai is the leading Institution in Italy. Italy is ranked number 7 in Clinical Psychology Psychiatry and Mental Health it has publishing highest number of articles in clinical psychology. Several leading Institution in the country including University of Bergamo, The European University of Rome, The American University of Rome, and others are spearheading the research in clinical psychology.