Author(s): Zhao L, Pratic D, Rader DJ, Funk CD
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Abstract Studies in mouse models of atherosclerosis using 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) gene disruption and transgenic overexpression demonstrate a pro-oxidative, pro-atherogenic role for this pathway. Vitamin E has been shown to suppress lipid peroxidation and reduce early atherogenesis in several mouse models, although conflicting results from several clinical trials have been reported. ApoE(-/-) and apoE(-/-)/12/15-LO(-/-) mice were maintained on normal chow diet with or without Vitamin E supplement (2000 IU/kg). Plasma Vitamin E, urinary 8,12-iso-iPF(2alpha)-VI and aortic lesion quantitation were assessed. Plasma Vitamin E levels significantly increased upon Vitamin E diet supplementation. 12/15-LO gene disruption resulted in significantly reduced aortic lesions and decreased urinary 8,12-iso-iPF(2alpha)-VI levels in apoE(-/-) mice, similar to Vitamin E administration in the absence of 12/15-LO gene disruption. However, Vitamin E dietary supplementation did not afford additive or synergistic protection in apoE(-/-)/12/15-LO(-/-) mice. These results suggest that early 12/15-LO-mediated lipid peroxidation triggers ensuing non-enzymatic peroxidation that is susceptible to Vitamin E antioxidant action in a common pathway of atherogenesis.
This article was published in Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine