Author(s): Koren R, Ravid A, Rotem C, Shohami E, Liberman UA,
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Abstract Partial removal of monocytes from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, or the addition of indomethacin, reduced the antiproliferative effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on mitogen-stimulated mononuclear cells. Addition of 1,25(OH)2D3 (1 nM) to mitogen-stimulated mononuclear cells caused a 2-4-fold increase in prostaglandin E2 production during the second day of culture. The inhibitory effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on lymphocyte proliferation is greatly augmented up to 7-fold in the presence of prostaglandin E2. We conclude that monocytes are involved in the inhibitory effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the mitogenic stimulation of human lymphocytes and that their action is probably mediated by prostaglandins.
This article was published in FEBS Lett
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism