alexa 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 enhances prostaglandin E2 production by monocytes. A mechanism which partially accounts for the antiproliferative effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on lymphocytes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Koren R, Ravid A, Rotem C, Shohami E, Liberman UA,

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Abstract Partial removal of monocytes from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, or the addition of indomethacin, reduced the antiproliferative effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on mitogen-stimulated mononuclear cells. Addition of 1,25(OH)2D3 (1 nM) to mitogen-stimulated mononuclear cells caused a 2-4-fold increase in prostaglandin E2 production during the second day of culture. The inhibitory effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on lymphocyte proliferation is greatly augmented up to 7-fold in the presence of prostaglandin E2. We conclude that monocytes are involved in the inhibitory effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the mitogenic stimulation of human lymphocytes and that their action is probably mediated by prostaglandins.
This article was published in FEBS Lett and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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