Author(s): Norman AW, Nemere I, Zhou LX, Bishop JE, Lowe KE,
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Abstract The hormonally active form of vitamin D is 1,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. This seco-steroid is the key mediator of the vitamin D endocrine system which produces biological effects in over 28 target tissues. In these target tissues, the biological responses may be generated both by a signal transduction mechanism which involves a nuclear receptor for 1,25(OH)2D3 that modulates gene transcription or a signal transduction pathway which involves rapid opening of Ca2+ channels which are externally located on the plasma membrane. This paper reviews the evidence in support of the pleiotropic effects of this steroid hormone and presents evidence that the receptor of the genomic effects is likely to be separate from the receptor/membrane recognition element which initiates the rapid nongenomic biological effects.
This article was published in J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis