Author(s): Pong S, Seto W, Abdolell M, Trope A, Wong K,
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Abstract Measurement of renal function is important to optimize drug dosing in critically ill pediatric patients and to prevent dose-related toxicities caused by medications that are eliminated or metabolized by the kidney. In clinical practice, the 24-h creatinine clearance (CrCl) is used as a surrogate marker of renal function. However, a 24-h urine collection period delays the availability of the result and increases the potential for collection errors. This prospective, observational study was performed to determine whether a 12-h CrCl is comparable to the traditional 24-h CrCl and to assess whether CrCl could be reliably predicted by the Schwartz equation, which mathematically estimates a child's GFR. A 24-h urine sample was collected in two 12-h aliquots from 60 catheterized critically ill children (age 2 d to 18 y). CrCl and Schwartz glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimates were determined for each 12- and 24-h period. Agreement between 12- and 24-h CrCl and between CrCl and Schwartz GFR estimates was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs). An ICC > or =0.8 was considered to indicate excellent agreement. The ICC between the first 12-h CrCl and 24-h CrCl was 0.9605. The ICC between the second 12-h CrCl and 24-h CrCl was 0.9602. The ICC between the 24-h CrCl and Schwartz GFR was only 0.7046. All comparisons of 12- and 24-h CrCl indicated excellent agreement. In summary, the Schwartz equation was not a reliable estimate of renal function in critically ill children, and a 12-h CrCl is just as accurate as the standard 24-h CrCl to assess renal function and guide drug dosing.
This article was published in Pediatr Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology