Author(s): Auriat A, Plahta WC, McGie SC, Yan R, Colbourne F
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Abstract 17beta-estradiol reduces cell death after global and focal ischemia and subarachnoid hemorrhage in rodents. Presently, we tested whether estrogen improves outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in male rats. Rats were implanted subcutaneously with 0.05, 0.25, or 0.50 mg pellets of estrogen (21-day release) or subjected to a sham procedure. Two weeks after implantation, they were given a striatal ICH via an infusion of collagenase. The three estrogen groups had significantly smaller lesions at a 7-day survival. Some rats had core temperature measured with an implanted telemetry probe, which also measured whole-body movements. Estrogen did not affect temperature nor activity levels after ICH. A second study with 0.25 mg pellets, administered once or twice, showed persistent histologic protection (30 days) and some functional benefit (e.g., elevated beam). A spectrophotometric hemoglobin assay showed that the 0.25 mg dose significantly reduced hemorrhagic blood volume at 12 hours after ICH. Regardless, estrogen did not lessen cerebral edema at 2 days after ICH and functional benefits were not consistently found on all tests (e.g., cylinder task). In summary, estrogen pretreatment reduces injury after ICH, in part by reducing bleeding. Estrogen may thus lessen injury and improve outcome after ICH in humans.
This article was published in J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology