Author(s): Santos FA, Silva RM, Tom AR, Rao VS, Pompeu MM,
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Abstract The effects of 1,8-cineole on D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (GalN/LPS)-induced shock model of liver injury was investigated in mice. The co-administration of GalN (700 mg kg(-1), i.p.) and LPS (5 microg kg(-1), i.p.) greatly elevated serum concentrations of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, and induced massive hepatic necrosis and lethality in 100\% of control mice. Pretreatment with 1,8-cineole (400 mg kg(-1), p.o.) and dexamethasone (1 mg kg(-1), s.c.), 60 min before GalN/LPS, offered complete protection (100\%) against the lethal shock and acute elevation in serum TNF-alpha and serum transaminases. Hepatic necrosis induced by GalN/LPS was also greatly reduced by both 1,8-cineole and dexamethasone treatment. The results indicate that 1,8-cineole protects mice against GalN/LPS-induced liver injury through the inhibition of TNF-alpha production, and suggest that 1,8-cineole may be a promising agent to combat septic-shock-associated pathologies.
This article was published in J Pharm Pharmacol
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry