Author(s): Pasquini MC, Wang Z, Horowitz MM, Gale RP
These data indicate increasing use of HCT for persons with blood and bone marrow disorders. Recent trends include increasing use of alternative donors including HLA-matched unrelated persons and of HLA-matched umbilical cord blood cells, increasing use of blood cell rather than bone marrow grafts and increasing use of reduced-intensity pretransplant conditioning regimens. Many of these shifts are driven by logistical considerations like the need for donors in persons without an HLA-identical sibling or expanding access to allotransplants to older patients. In other instances, like the shift from bone marrow to blood cell grafts or from conventional to reduced-intensity pretransplant conditioning regimens few randomized clinical trials have been reported to justify these shifts. More data are needed to critically-assess the impact of these changes.